what is dementia

Enter yourIntroduction

What does dementia mean? For some people, the word

Reminiscent of the scary "crazy" behavior, and out of control

Of thinking. In fact, the word dementia is described in a group

Symptoms include short-term memory

loss, confusion, and problem-solving

Inability to complete multi-step activities, such as preparing a meal

Or balance the check book, and sometimes, the character changes or unusual

behavior.

When people have dementia can not explain why he has these symptoms

For example, some people have a fever: people sick fever, but high temperature

And can not explain the reason or why this person is sick.

Does memory loss indicate dementia? Is not memory less

Back to normal aging of a natural step? We often hear, because

The most common irreversible or degenerative dementia is Alzheimer's

Alzheimer's disease. Although many other types of degenerative nature

Dyspepsia is similar to Zhai dementia, but there are unique or not

The same features that require special attention and different treatments. Reversible

And irreversible dementia is described in detail below.

Looking for diagnostic attention

The diagnosis of Alzheimer's requires a complete medical and nerve

Psychological evaluation. The first step is to find out if there is cognitive ability

Gradual decline and more severe. The next step is to see why

Appropriate to know the material, so that patients and health care workers in the plan.

The medical assessment of patients with dementia includes the following:

 History review or symptom onset. The question posed: Which

Have these symptoms occurred? What are the symptoms first? disease

How long has the presence? The daily activities of patients with

Impact? Because the patient may not be able to review the disease accurately

The sequence may be underestimated by the symptoms, taking care of the need

Accompany the patient and provide information to the doctor or nurse.

 History and drugs. Used to indicate a particular old

The risk of dementia increases or is identified to cause cognitive energy

The power drops in the medicine. It is important to accompany the patient

Can accurately provide this information.

Neurological examination. Neurological examination was performed to identify other classes

Type of Alzheimer's symptoms or other conditions can be increased

Plus cognitive declines in risk, such as stroke or fear

Golden syndrome.

The old man, the memory problem "very self," is expected

. But we know that severe memory loss is not healthy

Aging steps and can not be ignored.

Family members often think dear people 's amnesia is the cause of dementia

. In many cases, it is willing to be dementia. But has its

His reasons can cause memory and cognitive ability to decline, by gradually

Gradually can not adapt to society. These factors can affect young and old age

people. A Clear diagnosis is a must.

Various factors can cause reversible dementia. These include drugs

Interaction, depression, vitamin deficiency and thyroid dysplasia

often. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, leading to symptom improvement

necessary.

Fact Table:

Is it dementia? What is dementia?

(Dementia: Is this Dementia, and What

Does it Mean?

2

The most common irreversible or degenerative dementia is Alzheimer's

Alzheimer's disease. Although many other types of degenerative nature

Dyspepsia is similar to Zhai dementia, but there are unique or not

The same features that require special attention and different treatments. Reversible

And irreversible dementia is described in detail below.

Looking for diagnostic attention

The diagnosis of Alzheimer's requires a complete medical and nerve

Psychological evaluation. The first step is to find out if there is cognitive ability

Gradual decline and more severe. The next step is to see why

Appropriate to know the material, so that patients and health care workers in the plan.

The medical assessment of patients with dementia includes the following:

 History review or symptom onset. The question posed: Which

Have these symptoms occurred? What are the symptoms first? disease

How long has the presence? The daily activities of patients with

Impact? Because the patient may not be able to review the disease accurately

The sequence may be underestimated by the symptoms, taking care of the need

Accompany the patient and provide information to the doctor or nurse.

 History and drugs. Used to indicate a particular old

The risk of dementia increases or is identified to cause cognitive energy

The power drops in the medicine. It is important to accompany the patient

Can accurately provide this information.

Neurological examination. Neurological examination was performed to identify other classes

Type of Alzheimer's symptoms or other conditions can be increased

Plus cognitive declines in risk, such as stroke or fear

Golden syndrome.

 Laboratory inspection. To exclude vitamin deficiency or

Known as "pseudo-dementia." Medical testing can find out how

Reasons for the existence of reverse, for example:

 Drug reaction. Most common. Doctors should be tested

All medications, prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications and

Herbal medicine to reduce the side effects of the drug performance.

 Endocrine abnormalities. Thyroid abnormalities, parathyroid

Glandular abnormalities and adrenal dysfunction to simulate the old

Dementia.

 Metabolic disorders. Kidney and liver failure, liver

And pancreatic disease caused by electrolyte imbalance (blood

Test), low blood sugar, high blood calcium, leading to confusion

, Loss of appetite, sleep and mood changes.

 Emotional distress. Depression or life changes, such as

Retirement, divorce or loss of dear people can be affected

The physical and mental health of individuals. Shall inform the doctor

The primary life stressful event.

 Visual and auditory. Visual acuity and hearing impairment can lead

The results of inappropriate reactions are misinterpreted,

Should be hearing and visual examination.

 infection. Confusion is a symptom of urinary tract infection

which performed. Should inform the doctor.

 Nutritional deficiencies. Vitamin B deficiency (folic acid,

Niacin, riboflavin, and thiamine) to cause recognition

Known obstacles.

Degenerative (irreversible) dementia

If the patient is not clear to have irreversible or degenerative dementia

Are reversible dementia, the patient's family, and medical staff have to find out

Anterior temporal control of reasoning, personality, movement, speech,

Social etiquette and some aspects of memory. Symptoms Sometimes

Can be misdiagnosed as mental illness. The disease to 45 to 65 years of age

As multiple age groups. Symptoms showed two opposite

Way: Some patients showed transitional activity, cramped

Disturbed, do not follow the ethical code of social behavior

Other manifestations of apathetic, inert and emotional slow

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (Creutzfeldt-Jakob

Disease / CJD). CJD is a fast way to go

Of the deadly brain disease. Infectious sponge

Encephalopathy and the disease are the cause of prion protein. this

The disease is difficult to diagnose because it has many different diagnoses

Including sleep disorders, personality changes, ataxia,

Aphasia, visual loss, physical, muscle atrophy

, Myoclonus, progressive dementia and other symptoms.

 Parkinson's dementia. Parkinson's syndrome clinical manifestations of shock

Tremor, stiffness, slow, unsteady gait and other symptoms

. The clinical signs of the nervous system may be partial or even complete

Like Parkinson's disease. When Parkinson's syndrome does not have any nerves

System anomalies and can not identify the cause of hair,

This condition was described as a Parkinson disease in 1817

Years by the British physician.

Progressive supranuclear palsy)

Supranuclear Palsy / PSP). The disease mainly

There are three clinical features are postural instability and movement disorders

Vertical supranuclear palsy, or eye movement impairment

Dementia and Dementia. Although these three characteristics are considered to be

Now uncontrolled movements (such as twisting and turning),

Loss of intellectual ability, emotional and behavioral disorders.

Mixed dementia. Sometimes, these diseases can be severe

Stacked. This is the most common disease in Alzheimer's disease

Vascular dementia is also found in Alzheimer's disease

Lewy body dementia.

Medical treatment

Degenerative or irreversible dementia can not be cured

Therapy focuses on maintaining the patient's cognitive and functional abilities. elderly

The specific treatment of dementia depends on the cause. For example, drug therapy

Can slow down the rate of decline and improve memory function for the Azhar

Merck & Apos; s disease and Lewy body disease. These drugs are called bile

Alkaline esterase inhibitors, which appear to be effective in some patients. for

Alzheimer's patients have developed a new drug

, To prevent the construction of chemicals and even contribute to memory loss.

The treatment of vascular dementia includes controlling risk factors such as height

Blood pressure and high cholesterol. There are other drugs available to monitor the other

Dementia symptoms, including sleep disorders, movement disorders, depression

Or behavioral symptoms such as irritability or restlessness. Due to treatment

Alzheimer's causes vary, accurate diagnosis of right and wrong

Often important.

Communicate with medical staff

Excellent communication with the medical staff will affect the patient and care of the

Ankang. You clearly express your concerns and descriptions to observe

Of the changes, will have the next step in the medical staff to check

So that you can continue to take care of your loved ones, without becoming fatigued

Exhausted or depressed.

Security, proofreading, learning behavior management techniques and solutions

Law and financial issues are an important step in the family to take control

Alzheimer's disease and resources can be used to help. Many take care

Support groups, including some of the Internet, provide emotional and practical

stand by. Many caregivers support the existence of groups, including some of each other

Networking provides emotional and practical support. Caregivers may need to be long

Nursing educates itself and also finds him in their community

We require assistance. The following list of resources provides more information

Interest, from where to begin to seek help.

Every family is different. Whether at home care or suffering

Auxiliary Life Center, a particular nursing unit in Alzheimer's disease

, Or in a nursing home, depending on family resources and the patient's

need. Although at a later stage of dementia,

Healthcare facilities are not uncommon for every family to find

The best care experience in a different way.

The causes and treatment of Alzheimer's disease continue to be rapid

speed. We all look forward to a new development, hope that one day will be

Delay, cure or even prevent these debilitating diseases.

Introduction

What does dementia mean? For some people, the word

Reminiscent of scary "crazy" behavior, and out of control

Of thinking. In fact, the word dementia is described in a group

Symptoms include short-term memory loss, confusion, and problem-solving

Inability to complete multi-step activities, such as preparing a meal

Or balance the check book, and sometimes, the character changes or unusual

behavior.

When people have dementia can not explain why he has these symptoms

. For example, some people have a fever: people sick fever, but high temperature

And can not explain the reason or why this person is sick.

Does memory loss indicate dementia? Is not memory less

Back to normal aging of a natural step? We often hear, because

The old man, the memory problem "very self," is expected

. But we know that severe memory loss is not healthy

Aging steps and can not be ignored.

Family members often think dear people 's amnesia is the cause of dementia

. In many cases, it is willing to be dementia. But has its

His reasons can cause memory and cognitive ability to decline, by gradually

Gradually can not adapt to society. These factors can affect young and old age

people. A Clear diagnosis is a must.

Various factors can cause reversible dementia. These include drugs

Interaction, depression, vitamin deficiency and thyroid dysplasia

often. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, leading to symptom improvement

necessary.

Fact Table:

Is it dementia? What is dementia?

(Dementia: Is this Dementia, and What

Does it Mean?

2

The most common irreversible or degenerative dementia is Alzheimer's

Alzheimer's disease. Although many other types of degenerative nature

Dyspepsia is similar to Zhai dementia, but there are unique or not

The same features that require special attention and different treatments. Reversible

And irreversible dementia is described in detail below.

Looking for diagnostic attention

The diagnosis of Alzheimer's requires a complete medical and nerve

Psychological evaluation. The first step is to find out if there is cognitive ability

Gradual decline and more severe. The next step is to see why

Appropriate to know the material, so that patients and health care workers in the plan.

The medical assessment of patients with dementia includes the following:

 History review or symptom onset. The question posed: Which

Have these symptoms occurred? What are the symptoms first? disease

How long has the presence? The daily activities of patients with

Impact? Because the patient may not be able to review the disease accurately

The sequence may be underestimated by the symptoms, taking care of the need

Accompany the patient and provide information to the doctor or nurse.

 History and drugs. Used to indicate a particular old

The risk of dementia increases or is identified to cause cognitive energy

The power drops in the medicine. It is important to accompany the patient

Can accurately provide this information.

Neurological examination. Neurological examination was performed to identify other classes

Type of Alzheimer's symptoms or other conditions can be increased

Plus cognitive declines in risk, such as stroke or fear

Golden syndrome.

 Laboratory inspection. To exclude the lack of vitamins or various generations

Xie disease. Although not common, vitamin deficiency

, Infection or hormone imbalance can cause cognitive symptoms.

These include thyroid imbalance, vitamin B12, and plum

poison. Also, some laboratory tests can indicate dementia

Risk factors such as high cholesterol or high blood pressure

.

Brain imaging. Computer (CT) scan or magnetic resonance

MRI (MRI) can check the anatomy of the brain to look for

What causes cognitive changes, such as stroke or brain

Tumor. This imaging can also measure brain size and blood

The tube changes can be monitored over time.

 Qing Shen state detection (cognitive or neurological heart test)

. This pen and paper test evaluation thinking process includes memory,

Language, problem solving and judgment. Results comparison

Patient education and race to the same age population to decide

Those who have problems and how dangerous.

In recent years, the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease more precisely,

Experts can analyze large amounts of data to determine if there is a problem

And multiple, and even find out the reasons for Alzheimer's disease. I

The decision to diagnose takes the time to monitor or multiple causes

simultaneously exist. Determination of whether the reversible or irreversible

Sexual guidance of treatment and care.

Reversible dementia

A variety of diseases and disorders of the elderly can cause mental retardation

. Conditions and drug reactions can cause changes in the state of the deity

3

, Known as "pseudo-dementia." Medical testing can find out how

Reasons for the existence of reverse, for example:

 Drug reaction. Most common. Doctors should be tested

All medications, prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications and

Herbal medicine to reduce the side effects of the drug performance.

 Endocrine abnormalities. Thyroid abnormalities, parathyroid

Glandular abnormalities and adrenal dysfunction to simulate the old

Dementia.

 Metabolic disorders. Kidney and liver failure, liver

And pancreatic disease caused by electrolyte imbalance (blood

Test), low blood sugar, high blood calcium, leading to confusion

, Loss of appetite, sleep and mood changes.

 Emotional distress. Depression or life changes, such as

Retirement, divorce or loss of dear people can be affected

The physical and mental health of individuals. Shall inform the doctor

The primary life stressful event.

 Visual and auditory. Visual acuity and hearing impairment can lead

The results of inappropriate reactions are misinterpreted,

Should be hearing and visual examination.

 infection. Confusion is a symptom of urinary tract infection

which performed. Should inform the doctor.

 Nutritional deficiencies. Vitamin B deficiency (folic acid,

Niacin, riboflavin and thiamine) to cause recognition

Known obstacles.

Degenerative (irreversible) dementia

If the patient is not clear to have irreversible or degenerative dementia

Are reversible dementia, the patient's family, and medical staff have to find out

Etiology. This will ensure that patients will get

Get the appropriate treatment and

Nursing, family can also plan and find adequate support and care

. The following are the most common degenerative dementias:

 Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimer's is the most

Common dementia, especially over the age of 65, though

However, the disease can also occur in young people. Alzheimer

The syndrome affects about 50% of patients in the 85-year-old. The study

The exact reason why people can not find the disease at present is not

There is a cure. Symptoms vary from person to person, but memory, thinking

And operational capacity will gradually decrease with the loss of function

.

Ischemic vascular dementia (Ischemic Vascular Dementia)

Dementia / IVD). IVD is the second most common

Dementia is characterized by loss of functioning function or cognitive function

The force declines in the "administrative functions" simply, such as planning and

mission accomplished. When the symptoms suddenly appear, the patient usually

Experienced a stroke. For others, for others

, Slow progression of function and thought

Gradually lost.

Dementia with Lewy

Bodies / DLB). Dementia with Lewy bodies is a gradual

Progressive degenerative disease shares with Alzheimer's disease

And symptoms of Parkinson's disease. DLB cognitive function wave

Motional damage and have motor abnormalities and Parkinson's disease

Performance similar.

Frontotemporal dementia

Dementia / FTD). Scanning can be found bilaterally symmetrical

Degenerative abnormalities in the frontal and temporal lobes. The frontal lobe of the brain

4

Anterior temporal control of reasoning, personality, movement, speech,

Social etiquette and some aspects of memory. Symptoms Sometimes

Can be misdiagnosed as mental illness. The disease to 45 to 65 years of age

As multiple age groups. Symptoms showed two opposite

Way: Some patients showed transitional activity, cramped

Disturbed, do not follow the ethical code of social behavior

Other manifestations of apathetic, inert and emotional slow

.

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (Creutzfeldt-Jakob

Disease / CJD). CJD is a fast way to go

Of the deadly brain disease. Infectious sponge

Encephalopathy and the disease are the cause of prion protein. this

The disease is difficult to diagnose because it has many different diagnoses

Including sleep disorders, personality changes, ataxia,

Aphasia, visual loss, physical, muscle atrophy

, Myoclonus, progressive dementia and other symptoms.

 Parkinson's dementia. Parkinson's syndrome clinical manifestations of shock

Tremor, stiffness, slow, unsteady gait and other symptoms

. The clinical signs of the nervous system may be partial or even complete

Like Parkinson's disease. When Parkinson's syndrome does not have any nerves

System anomalies and can not identify the cause of hair,

This condition was described as a Parkinson disease in 1817

Years by the British physician.

Progressive supranuclear palsy)

Supranuclear Palsy / PSP). The disease mainly

There are three clinical features are postural instability and movement disorders

Vertical supranuclear palsy, or eye movement impairment

Dementia and Dementia. Although these three characteristics are considered to be

The PSP is also characterized by patients with this disease also experience

To degenerative disorders of the brain, including dyskinesia

For changing, speaking and swallowing difficulties and other symptoms. because

The disease is relatively rare; PSP is often misdiagnosed as Pa

Kinsen disease. However, its therapeutic response and clinical symptoms

Is different, to make an accurate diagnosis is paramount.

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (Normal Pressure

Hydrocephalus / NPH). The clinical manifestations of this disease

Now gait instability, urinary incontinence, and dementia. recognize

As is a rare cause of Alzheimer's disease

Mainly in the 60-year-old occurred. NPH accurate hair

It is difficult to determine the disease rate does not have the formal agreement

. Some physicians rely on imaging to make a diagnosis

Evidence, another group of medical personnel, rely on clinical indications

. Other physicians use reliable clinical signs and symptoms

The combination. Treatment is ventricular shunt, to reduce

Less by the pressure brought by cerebrospinal fluid.

Huntington's disease (Huntington's

Disease / HD). The disease is a genetic fatal

Of the disease, the performance characteristics of involuntary movements (dance

Disease) and cognitive decline (Alzheimer's disease).

Can cause some of the brain structure, especially the basal ganglia

, Which may lead to patients unable to control their action

And emotions, as well as causing mental and cognitive functioning

Degradation. Some structures are responsible for thinking, remembering

And the ability to understand was also affected, possibly due to basal ganglia

Connected to the frontal lobe of the brain. Therefore, the patient may be out

5

Now uncontrolled movements (such as twisting and turning),

Loss of intellectual ability, emotional and behavioral disorders.

Mixed dementia. Sometimes, these diseases can be severe

Stacked. This is the most common disease in Alzheimer's disease

Vascular dementia is also found in Alzheimer's disease

Lewy body dementia.

Medical treatment

Degenerative or irreversible dementia can not be cured

Therapy focuses on maintaining the patient's cognitive and functional abilities. elderly

The specific treatment of dementia depends on the cause. For example, drug therapy

Can slow down the rate of decline and improve memory function for the Azhar

Merck & Apos; s disease and Lewy body disease. These drugs are called bile

Alkaline esterase inhibitors, which appear to be effective in some patients. for

Alzheimer's patients have developed a new drug

, To prevent the construction of chemicals and even contribute to memory loss.

The treatment of vascular dementia includes controlling risk factors such as height

Blood pressure and high cholesterol. There are other drugs available to monitor the other

Dementia symptoms, including sleep disorders, movement disorders, depression

, Or behavioral symptoms such as irritability or restlessness. Due to treatment

Alzheimer's causes vary, accurate diagnosis of right and wrong

Often important.

Communicate with medical staff

Excellent communication with the medical staff will affect the patient and care of the

Ankang. You clearly express your concerns and descriptions to observe

Of the changes, will have the next step in the medical staff to check

. In some cases, you may find yourself "educating" doctors

Nursing staff on the patient's symptoms. It is important that you worry

To be valued, respected and treated with dignity. If you do not get you

Need attention, you should request referral to the health care professionals

The door assesses cognitive change in human society. The purpose is to establish a co-operation

For relationships, and to maintain health quality and solve problems.

The role of caregiver

A good working relationship with the primary care physician has been established,

Helping to ensure good care and sustained support. One End

Into therapeutic tests to exclude treatable diseases and to provide current status

State information on the current and future care plans for the benefit

foundation.

When making the right diagnosis, take care of and family education

, So that requirement can be requested and located and used resources. Do not

Reversible dementia requires an increased level of attention along with

The development of the disease. Through education and use of existing resources, the family

Members can learn new skills to deal with changes in health care needs

.

Many families take care of dementia patients at home. Although this is

A gorgeous and very useful experience can also give high

pressure. Studies have shown that caring for people with impaired brain impairments

More than physical barriers, more pressure. Caregivers must spend

Time to take care of your body and mind.

Other people's support and assistance are imperative. From friends

Help, other family members or community agencies are invalid text here...